Travel with T cells - a journey into childhood immunity and global health
Professor Beate Kampmann talks about her experiences researching childhood immunity in Africa in her inaugural lecture.
Midwifery Emergency Skills and Helping Babies Breathe
The second Midwifery Emergency Skills course and the third in a series of Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) courses were held at MRC, Unit The Gambia, under the Vaccines and Immunity Theme, on the 11th and 12thNovember 2015. The main objective of the two day course is to train community health workers, including midwives and nurses in resource-poor countries to acquire essential skills for managing obstetric emergencies and resuscitating newborn infants using simulation based training.
This year the Midwifery Skills training focused on postpartum haemorrhage, eclampsia, blood loss estimation and hand hygiene. Morning lectures included the Health Profile of The Gambia with an update from The Gambian Millennium Development Goals final report, maternal mortality trends at Edward Francis Small Teaching Hosptial (EFSTH), managing high risk pregnancy in The Gambia, recognising the sick obstetric patient, the Obstetric Early Warning Score Chart and the care of the sick obstetric patient.
The Gambia has one of the highest maternal mortality rates (MMR) in sub-Saharan Africa, so, this training is both timely and essential. The Countdown to 2015 Report revealed a total of 340 maternal deaths in 2013 (MMR 430/100,000 live births). 25% of maternal deaths were due to haemorrhage around the time of childbirth and 16% of deaths occurred as a result of hypertensive disorder during pregnancy and the immediate postpartum period. Millennium Development Goal#5 (MDG5); Improving Maternal Health, set a target of reducing maternal mortality to 263/100,000 live births by 2015.While this may not have been achieved, there has been significant improvement attributed to improvements in access to maternal and child health services. It is worth noting also the significant contribution made towards improving emergency obstetric care services could have immensely contributed to improving maternal survival.
As the World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that one million babies die each year from birth asphyxia (inability to breathe immediately after delivery). The HBB training was established to address the challenge as well as helping to move forward the WHO Millennium Development Goal #4 (MDG4); reduction of child mortality by two thirds from 1990 to 2015.
The goal of HBB is to have at least one person who is skilled in neonatal resuscitation at the birth of every baby. A key concept of HBB is The Golden Minute. The Golden Minute identifies the steps that a birth attendant must take immediately after birth to evaluate the baby and stimulate breathing. Within one minute of birth, a baby should be breathing well or should be ventilated with a bag and mask.
The two day course was successfully facilitated by midwives and paediatricians from Imperial College London and the MRC The Gambia Unit and an obstetrician from the Edward Francis Small Teaching Hospital in Banjul.
Facilitators include; Marielle Bouqueau (Imperial College London, Midwife), Anna Battersby (MRC/Imperial College London, Paediatrician), Robin Basu Roy (MRC/Imperial College London, Paediatrician), Maggie Welch (Imperial College London, Midwife), Uduak Okomo (MRC Paediatrician), Claire Oluwalana (MRC Paediatrician), Idoko Olubukola (MRC Paediatrician), Beverly Donaldson (Imperial College London, Midwife), Patrick Idoko (MRC/EFSTH Obstetrician).
Launch Event Presentations
Professor Beate Kampmann, Director of the CICH: Welcome to the CICH- and what is it for?
Dr Aubrey Cunnington, Academic Department of Paediatrics: Malaria
Dr James Seddon, Academic Department of Paediatrics: Childhood Tuberculosis
Dr Nathalie McDermott, Academic Department of Paediatrics:Ebola and Emerging Infectious Diseases - how do we include children in research?
Jack Grimes, Public Health Engineering: Engineering for Global Child Health
Elisabetta Aurino, Partnership for Child Development:Integrating Education and Health - what can schools do?
Dr Gareth Tudor-Williams, Academic Department of Paediatrics: Educating the next generation of global health professionals - what do we need?
Prof Joy Lawn, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine - Keynote Lecture: MDGS to SDGS: what next for women & children’s health?
Lecture by Beate on Global Health Course
Centre for International Child Health: educational priorities
Dr Mehrengise Cooper, Mrs Heather Hanna : Postgraduate Certificate, Postgraduate Diploma and Msc in Child Health
NewFutures - Key Maternal and neonatal skills
NewFutures youtube channel is an educational resource with videos on key maternal health and neonatal skills. These combine real time demonstration and animation to teach the techniques that help to reduce maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. At present we have videos on perineal trauma, post partum haemorrhage and neonatal resuscitation.
NewFutures is an initiative between CW+ (the charity for Chelsea and Westminster Hospital) and the hospitals Obstetrics & Gynaecology Education and International development team. Its aims are to improve maternal health through education, innovation and Surgery- in this country and overseas.
CICH midwife Dr Beverly Donaldson attended the midwifery conference on 12 September at UCLan 'Challenge Today Change Tomorrow' to share Soapbox’s recent work in the Gambia. Beverly spoke about the piloting of our Environmental Hygiene Training Manual which was designed to train low-literate cleaning staff in infection prevention and control and environmental hygiene using participatory training methods.
Watch the youtube video Soapbox Collaborative: The Gambia
Tackling Tuberculosis - Infectious diseases hub speak to experts from CICH seminar
The first estimates of paediatric TB by the World Health Organization (WHO) were published in 2012, and last year the WHO estimated 530,000 paediatric cases worldwide. However, given the acknowledged difficulties in detecting TB in children, there is need for additional research and focus on the burden of disease in children.
On 16th March Centre for International Child Health launched their first seminar of a bi-monthly seminar series. The topic of the seminar was "Tuberculosis - why we are not winning the fight?" to mark the "World TB day"
The seminar was chaired by Prof. Beate Kampmann, Director of Centre for International Child Health. The speakers at the seminar Dr Peter Dodd, Health Economics Research Associate, University of Sheffield; Dr James Seddon, Academic Clinical Lecturer, Imperial College London; Dr Elizabeth Whittaker, Academic Clinical Lecturer, Imperial College London spoke to Infectious diesease Hub discussing the challenges in tackling Tuberculosis especially in children.
Click here to listen to podcast.