How to write your reference list and bibliography in the Harvard style

Your lecturers consider accurate and consistent referencing to be an important part of your academic work. Check your course guidelines so you know which referencing style to use.

If you are using the bibliographic software, RefWorks, you should use the 'Imperial College London - Harvard' style which follows the same format as this guide.

The following examples are in two parts:

  • the information you should collect about each piece of work you use
  • how this information is presented when you write a full reference 

Click on the type of work you need to provide a reference for. If you cannot find the type of work you need, please contact your librarian for more help.

Showcase area

Acts of Parliament

Country
Name of Act: Name of sovereign
(this should be in italics)
Chapter number (this should be in italics)
(Year of publication)
Place of publication
Publisher

Great Britain. Climate Change Act 2008: Elizabeth II. Chapter 27. (2008) London, The Stationery Office.

In-text citation: (Great Britain. Climate Change Act 2008)

Annual report: online

Author or organisation
(Year of publication)
Title (this should be in italics)
Available from: URL
[Date of access]

Chevron Corporation (2006) Annual Report. Available from: http://www.chevron.com/documents/pdf/annualreport/Chevron2006AnnualReport_full.pdf [Accessed: May 12th 2012].

In-text citation: (Chevron Corporation, 2006)

Annual report: print

Author or organisation
(Year of publication)
Title (this should be in italics)
Place of publication (where available)
Publisher

Chevron Corporation (2006) Annual Report. San Ramon, CA, Chevron Corporation.

In-text citation: (Chevron Corporation, 2006)

Blog post

Author (Year of publication)
Title of blog post
(if applicable)
Title of blog (this should be in italics)
Weblog
Available from: URL
Date of access

Goldacre, B. (2008) Trivial Disputes. Bad Science. Weblog. Available from: http://www.badscience.net/2008/02/trivial-disputes-2/ [Accessed 19th June 2008].

In-text citation: (Goldacre, 2008)

Book: accessed on an e-book reader

Please note that the date of publication of the e-book version may differ from the print publication date. Ensure you use the correct date depending on the version of the book you have read and are citing in your work.

Author/editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)
(Year of publication)
Title (this should be in italics)
[E-reader version]
Edition (if not the first edition)
Place of publication (where available)
Publisher

Powrie,W. (2007) Soil mechanics: concepts and applications. [Kindle version] 2nd ed. London, Taylor and Francis.

In-text citation: (Powrie, 2007)

Or

Feynman,R. P. & Davies,P. (2007) The character of physical law. [Sony Reader eBook version]. ePenguin.

In-text citation: (Feynman & Davies, 2007)

Book: chapter in an edited book

Author of the chapter
(Year of publication)
Title of chapter followed by, In:
Editor
(always put (ed.) after the name)
Title (this should be in italics)
Series title and number (if part of a series)
Edition (if not the first edition)
Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)
Publisher
Page numbers (use ‘p.' before a single page number and ‘pp.' where there are multiple pages)

Partridge, H. & Hallam, G. (2007) Evidence-based practice and information literacy. In: Lipu, S., Williamson, K. & Lloyd, A. (eds.) Exploring methods in information literacy research. Wagga Wagga, Australia, Centre for Information Studies, pp. 149-170.

In-text citation: (Partridge & Hallam, 2007)

Book: in a foreign language

Author/Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)
(Year of publication)
Title (this should be in italics)
[Title in original language] (this should be in italics)
Series title and number (if part of a series)
Edition (if not the first edition)
Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)
Publisher

García Sánchez, J. J. (2007) Toponymic atlas of Spain. [Atlas toponímico de España]. Madrid, Arco/Libros.

In-text citation: (García Sánchez, 2007)

Book: online / electronic

Author/Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)
(Year of publication)
Title (this should be in italics)
Edition (if not the first edition)
Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)
Publisher
Available from: URL

[Date of access]

Simons, N. E., Menzies, B. & Matthews, M. (2001) A Short Course in Soil and Rock Slope Engineering. London, Thomas Telford Publishing. Available from: http://www.myilibrary.com?ID=93941 [Accessed 18th June 2015].

In-text citation: (Simons, Menzies & Matthews, 2001)

Book: print

Author/Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)
(Year of publication)
Title (this should be in italics)
Series title and number (if part of a series)
Edition (if not the first edition)
Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)
Publisher

Simons, N. E., Menzies, B. & Matthews, M. (2001) A Short Course in Soil and Rock Slope Engineering. London, Thomas Telford Publishing.

In-text citation: (Simons, Menzies & Matthews, 2001)

Book: translated

Author/Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)
(Year of publication)
Title (this should be in italics)
Trans. followed by the name of the translator
Series title and number
(if part of a series)
Edition (if not the first edition)
Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)
Publisher

Aristotle. (1999) Physics. Trans. Graham, D. W. Oxford, Clarendon.

In-text citation: (Aristotle, 1999)

Brochure / pamphlet / booklet

These can often be published by organisations or companies, and may not have individual authors. You can use the corporate author if there is no individual author, and this may also be the publisher's name.

Author/editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)
(Year of publication) (if there is no year of publication, write ‘no date')
Title of brochure/pamphlet (in italics)
Series title (if part of a series)
Edition (if not the first)
Place of publication
Publisher

Imperial College London Library (2010) Citing and referencing guide: Harvard style. London, Imperial College London.

In-text citation: (Imperial College London Library, 2010)

CD-ROM

When writing a reference for a multi-media item, you would usually use the title of the TV programme or video recording, or title of the film (whether on DVD or video) as the author. If the title is used as the author, this should be written in italics. You should also include the type of format in the reference, such as Video, DVD, CD, CD-ROM and so on.

Author/Editor (use the corporate author if no individual author or editor is named)
(Year of publication)
CD-ROM title
(this should be in italics)
[CD-ROM]
Place of publication
Publisher

Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2003) Britannica 2003. [CD-ROM] Chicago, Encyclopaedia Britannica.

In-text citation: (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2003)

Command papers and other official publications [excluding Acts of Parliament]

Name of country
Government department
(Year of publication)
Title
(this should be in italics)
Paper number
Place of publication
Publisher

Great Britain. Department of Health. (2004) Choosing Health: making healthier choices easier. CM6374. London, The Stationery Office.

In-text citation: (Great Britain. Department of Health, 2004)

Computer program, software or code

Author (use the corporate author or research group if no individual author or editor is named)
(Year of publication)
Title of program
(this should be in italics)
(Version number)
[Format type]
(computer program, software or code)
Place of publication (if available)
Name of publisher/distributor (if available)
Available from: URL (if online)

TechSmith (2008) Snagit (Version 9.1) [Software] TechSmith Corporation. Available from: http://www.techsmith.com/screen-capture.asp.

In-text citation: (TechSmith, 2008)

Conference proceeding: individual paper

Author
(Year of publication)
Title of conference paper followed by, In:
Editor/Organisation (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)
Title of conference proceeding (this should be in italics)
Place of publication
Publisher
Page numbers (use ‘p.' before a single page number and ‘pp.' where there are multiple pages)

Wittke, M. (2006) Design, construction, supervision and long-term behaviour of tunnels in swelling rock. In: Van Cotthem, A., Charlier, R., Thimus, J.-F. and Tshibangu, J.-P. (eds.) Eurock 2006: Multiphysics coupling and long term behaviour in rock mechanics: Proceedings of the International Symposium of the International Society for Rock Mechanics, EUROCK 2006, 9-12 May 2006, Liège, Belgium. London, Taylor & Francis. pp. 211-216.

In-text citation: (Wittke, 2006)

Conference proceeding: whole

Editor/Organisation (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)
(Year of publication)
Title (this should be in italics)
Place of publication
Publisher

Edge, B. L. (ed.) (2001) Coastal engineering 2000: conference proceedings, July 16-21, 2000, Sydney Convention & Exhibition Centre, Sydney, Australia. Reston, VA, ASCE.

In-text citation: (Edge, 2001)

Discussion list / forum post

Name of sender
(Year of discussion post)
Subject of discussion post
Title of discussion list or forum
(this should be in italics)
Date of discussion post (day month)
Available from: URL of discussion list or forum
[Date of access]

Kells, R. (2009) Statistical advice and short courses at Imperial College London. TEACHING-STATISTICS List. 7th May. Available from: https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-bin/webadmin?A0=teaching-statistics [Accessed 19th June 2009].

In-text citation: (Kells, 2009)

DVD

When writing a reference for a multi-media item, you would usually use the title of the TV programme or video recording, or title of the film (whether on DVD or video) as the author. If the title is used as the author, this should be written in italics. You should also include the type of format in the reference, such as Video, DVD, CD, CD-ROM and so on.

Title (this should be in italics)
(Year of production)
[DVD]
Place of production or origin
(if available)
Name of production company/maker

Life on Campus. (2006) [DVD] London, Imperial College London.

In-text citation: (Life on Campus, 2006)

Email: personal communication

Personal emails should be referenced as personal communication, unless you have permission from the sender and receiver to include their details in your reference list.

Name of sender
(Year of communication)
Email sent to, followed by
Name of receiver
Date and month of communication

Harrison, R. (2009) Email sent to Mimi Weiss Johnson, 10th June.

In-text citation: (Harrison, 2009)

Email: public communication

Use the discussion list / forum post layout for emails which are publicly available, that is, posted to a discussion list, group or forum.

Equation

You should provide a reference to the work in which you found the equation. Use the examples in this list to identify the appropriate layout depending on the type of work you need to reference. Your in-text citation should include the page number on which the equation appears (unless in an online publication without page numbers).

Equipment operating manual

Author (use the company name if no individual author or editor is named)
(Date of publication)
Title
(this should be in italics)
Version number
Place of publication
Publisher

Hirst Magnetic Instruments Ltd. (no date) GM07/GM08 Gaussmeter Operating Manual. Version 2.0. Falmouth, Hirst Magnetic Instruments Ltd.

In-text citation: (Hirst Magnetic Instruments Ltd, no date)

Film

Title of film (this should be in italics)
(Year of production)
[Film]
Directed by: Director's name
Place of production
Name of production company

An Inconvenient Truth. (2006) [Film] Directed by: Davis Guggenheim. USA, Lawrence Bender Productions.

In-text citation: (An Inconvenient Truth, 2006)

Financial data from an online database (for share price or financial instrument figures)

The example below is for data taken from Datastream for which there is no URL: use Datastream as the URL information. For data taken from online databases for which there is a URL, make sure this is included.

Name of publishing organisation
(Year of publication or last update)
Title of extract from database
Database title (in italics)
Available from: URL
[Date of access]

Thomson Reuters (2010) British Airways Share Price 01/01/2000 to 30/12/2009. DataStream. Available from: DataStream [Accessed: 22nd June 2010].   

In-text citation: (Thomson Reuters, 2010)

Financial report from an online database (for company financial accounts, e.g. profit and loss account)

Name of publishing organisation
(Year of publication or last update)
Title of report or extract from database
Database title (in italics)
Available from: URL
[Date of access]

Bureau Van Dijk (2010) British Airways PLC company report. FAME. Available from: http://fame.bvdep.com [Accessed: 22nd June 2010].

In-text citation: (Bureau Van Dijk, 2010)

Image / illustration / figure / diagram / table / photograph published in a journal

You should provide an in-text citation for any images, illustrations, photographs, diagrams, tables or figures that you reproduce in your work, and provide a full reference as with any other type of work.

In-text citation:

‘Geological map of the easternmost region of São Nicolau' (Ramalho et al, 2010:p.532).

Ramalho, R., Helffrich, G., Schmidt, D.N. and Vance, D. (2010) Tracers of uplift and subsidence in the Cape Verde archipelago. Journal of the Geological Society. 167 (3), 519-538. Available from: doi:10.1144/0016-76492009-056 [Accessed: 14th June 2010].

Image / illustration / figure / diagram / table / photograph published in a book

You should provide an in-text citation for any images, illustrations, photographs, diagrams, tables or figures that you reproduce in your work, and provide a full reference as with any other type of work.

In-text citation:

Table illustrating checklist of information for common sources (Pears and Shields, 2008:p.22).

Pears, R. and Shields, G. (2008) Cite them right: the essential referencing guide. 3rd ed. Durham, Pear Tree Books.

Interview: personal

Name of person interviewed
Interviewed by: Name of interviewer
(Date of interview)

Day, A. Interviewed by: Jones, L. (4th June 2009).

In-text citation: (Day, 2009)

Journal article: online / electronic

Most online articles will have a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and you should use this in your reference. The DOI is a permanent identifier provided by publishers so that the article can always be found.

If there is no DOI then you should use the URL. Some lecturers will ask you to reference and online journal article as a print article, so always check your coursework guidance.

To find the DOI, when you read an article online, check the article details as you will usually find itI at the start of the article. For more help, contact your librarian.

If you read the article in a full-text database service, such as Factiva or EBSCO, and do not have a DOI or direct URL to the article you should use the database URL.

Author

(Year of publication)
Title of journal article
Title of journal (this should be in italics)
Volume number
Issue number

Page numbers of the article (do not use ‘p'. before the page numbers)
Available from: URL or DOI
[Date of access]

Arrami, M. & Garner, H. (2008) A tale of two citations. Nature. 451 (7177), 397-399. Available from: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v451/n7177/full/451397a.html [Accessed 20th January 2015].

or

Wang, F., Maidment, G., Missenden, J. & Tozer, R. (2007) The novel use of phase change materials in refrigeration plant. Part 1: Experimental investigation. Applied Thermal Engineering. 27 (17-18), 2893-2901. Available from: doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2005.06.011 [Accessed 15th July 2015].

or

Read, B. (2008) Anti-cheating crusader vexes some professors. Chronicle of Higher Education. 54 (25). Available from: http://global.factiva.com/ [Accessed 18th June 2015].

Journal article: postprint / in press

If a journal article has been submitted to the peer review procedure and accepted for publication, but is not yet published in a specific journal issue, this is a postprint. These articles can be referred to as being ‘In press'. You should be able to work out what type of article you have found using the information provided with the article.

Journal publishers now assign DOIs to articles before they are published in a specific journal issue, so you can use the DOI provided for postprint / in press articles. This will ensure that the correct link for the article remains when it is moved to a specific journal issue.

If you read a print journal article not yet published in a journal issue, follow the layout below, ignoring the online information required.

Author/s
(Year of writing)
Title of journal article
Title of journal
(this should be in italics)
[Postprint/In press: Online]
Available from: URL or DOI
[Date of access]

Akyol, Z., Ice, P., Garrison, R. & Mitchell, R. (2009) The relationship
between course socio-epistemological orientations and student perceptions of community of inquiry. The Internet and Higher Education. [In press: Online] Available from: doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2009.12.002 [Accessed: 4th January 2010].

In-text citation: (Akyol et al, 2009)

Note: there will not be volume, issue or page numbers assigned to postprint / in press articles.

Journal article: preprint

It is likely you will find articles available online before they have been submitted to the peer review procedure and published in a journal. These articles are preprints and may be placed in an online repository or on a publisher's website (but not in a specific journal issue).

Author/s
(Year of writing)
Title of journal article

Submitted to/To be published in (if this information is with the article)
Title of journal (in italics)
Name of repository (in italics)
[Preprint]
Available from: URL
(if available)
[Date of access]

Silas, P., Yates, J.R. & Haynes, P.D. (2008) Density-functional investigation of the rhombohedral to simple cubic phase transition of arsenic. To be published in Physical Review B. Arxiv. [Preprint] Available from: http://arxiv.org/abs/0810.1692. [Accessed: 23rd July 2010].

In-text citation: (Silas, Yates & Haynes, 2008)

Note: there will not be volume, issue or page numbers assigned to preprint articles.

Journal article: print

Author
(Year of publication)
Title of journal article
Title of journal (this should be in italics)
Volume number
Issue number
Page numbers of the article
(do not use ‘p'. before the page numbers)

Chhibber, P. K. & Majumdar, S. K. (1999) Foreign ownership and profitability: Property rights, control, and the performance of firms in Indian industry. Journal of Law & Economics. 42 (1), 209-238.

In-text citation: (Chhibber & Majumdar, 1999)

Lecture / presentation

Name of lecturer/presenter
(Year of lecture/presentation)
Title of lecture/presentation
(this should be in italics)
[Lecture/Presentation]
Title of module/degree course
(if appropriate)
Name of institution or location
Date of lecture/presentation
(day month)

Wagner, G. (2006) Structural and functional studies of protein interactions in gene expression. [Lecture] Imperial College London, 12th December.

In-text citation: (Wagner, 2006)

Map: online

Online maps may originate from an online map service, such as Google Maps, or from Digimap, the online Ordnance survey mapping tool.

Map author or originator (online maps may not have an author, but you can use the map publisher’s name as a corporate author)
(Year of publication)
Title of map
Sheet number, or tile (if available)
Scale (if available)
Title of online source (in italics)
Available from: URL
[Date of access]

Streetmap (2009) Imperial College London and surrounding area. Streetmap. Available from: http://www.streetmap.co.uk/newmap.srf?x=526500&y=179400&z=0&sv=526500,179400&st=OSGrid&lu=N&tl=~&ar=y&bi=~&mapp=newmap.srf&searchp=newsearch.srf [Accessed: 23rd July 2010]

In-text citation: (Streetmap, 2009)

Map: print

Author (usually the organisation responsible for publishing the map)
(Year of publication)
Title (this should be in italics)
Scale
Series title and number
(if part of a series)
Place of publication
Publisher

British Geological Survey. (1998) South London.270, 1: 50 000. London, British Geological Survey

In-text citation: (British Geological Survey, 1998).

or

Ordnance Survey (2007) North Skye, Dunvegan and Portree. 23, 1: 50 000. Landranger. Southampton, Ordnance Survey.

In text citation: (Ordnance Survey, 2007)

Market survey report: online / electronic

Author (use the corporate author or research group if no individual author or editor is named)
(Year of publication)
Report title
(this should be in italics, and include date of report if available)
Edition (if not the first edition)
Place of publication
Publisher
Available from: URL
[Date of access]

Mintel. (2009) Small Green Cars and Alternative Fuels - UK - December 2009. Available from: http://oxygen.mintel.com/ [Accessed 5th January 2010].

In text citation: (Mintel, 2009)

Datamonitor. (2009) Energy Industry Profile: Global, March 2009. Available from: http://web.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 5th January 2010].

In-text citation: (Datamonitor, 2009)

Mobile app

Author (use the corporate author, individual or developer)
(year of publication)
Title of the App
(this should be in italics)
(Version number)
[Mobile app]
Available from: name of app store or URL (if required)
[Date accessed]

Citymapper Ltd. (2016) Citymapper. (version 6.11) [Mobile App] [Accessed 25th August 2016]

It may be useful to give the full url from the app store e.g. available from: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.citymapper.app.release&hl=en_GB or https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/citymapper-transport-app-live/id469463298?mt=8

Newspaper article: online

Author (if the article has no author, use the name of the newspaper)
(Day, month and year of publication)
Title of article

Title of newspaper (this should be in italics)
Page numbers of the article if given
(use ‘p.' before a single page number and ‘pp.' where there are multiple pages)
Available from: URL
[Date of access]

Pagnamenta, R. (24 May 2008) Energy adviser puts forward powerful case for hydrogen. The Times. Available from: http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/industry_sectors/natural_resources/article3994594.ece [Accessed 2nd July 2008].

In-text citation: (Pagnamenta, 2008)

Newspaper article: print

Author (if the article has no author, use the name of the newspaper)
(Day, month and year of publication)
Title of article
Title of newspaper (this should be in italics)
Page numbers of the article (use ‘p.' before a single page number and ‘pp.' where there are multiple pages)

Macalister, T. (Wednesday 2 July 2008) Green energy is the modern gold rush. The Guardian. p. 27.

In-text citation: (Macalister, 2008)

Online documents and publications (not covered by other examples in this list)

If you cannot find a suitable example in this list for a work published online in PDF, Word, HTML or an equivalent format, you can use the following layout. You may find the online book or report layouts can be adapted.

Author/Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name; use the corporate author if no individual author or editor is named)
(Year of publication)
Title of publication
(this should be in italics)
Place of publication (if provided on the publication)
Publisher (if provided on the publication)
Available from: URL
[Date of access]

Conway, G. (2009) Grantham Institute for Climate Change, Discussion paper no 1: The science of climate change in Africa: impacts and adaptation. London, Imperial College London. Available from: http://workspace.imperial.ac.uk/climatechange/public/pdfs/discussion_papers/Grantham_Institue_-_The_science_of_climate_change_in_Africa.pdf [Accessed: 14th June 2010].

In-text citation: (Conway, 2009)

It is also acceptable to indicate the document's original format, particularly as this will help your reader to locate the correct document on a web page.

Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. (2009) Municipal waste statistics 2008-09: Excel tables showing summary estimates. [Excel spreadsheet] Available from: http://www.defra.gov.uk/evidence/statistics/environment/wastats/bulletin09.htm [Accessed: 10th May 2010].

In-text citation: (DEFRA, 2009) 

Patent

The patent number should include a country code, but you should make it clear in your reference in which country the patent originated.

Author
(Year of publication)
Title (this should be in italics)
Name of patent organisation
Patent number
(Patent)

Williams, M. (2004) Footwear hanger. GB2409807 (Patent).

or

Williams, M. (2004) Footwear hanger. UK Intellectual Property Office GB2409807 (Patent).

In-text citation: (Williams, 2004)

Personal communication

Sender/speaker/author
(Year of communication)
Medium of communication
(this could be telephone conversation, fax, email or personal interview)
Receiver of communication
Date and month of communication

Harrison, R. (2010) Telephone conversation with Jenny Evans, 19th June.

In-text citation: (Harrison, 2010)

Or

Name of practitioner
Occupation
(Personal communication, followed by the date when the information was provided)

Law, James. Engineering consultant. (Personal communication, 26th April 2004)

In-text citation: (Law, 2004)

The above is advised if you do not have a particular format of communication to refer to (such as an email), for example, when the communication could have been in the form of an informal conversation at a meeting or conference.

Photograph: online (not in a published work)

You should provide an in-text citation for any images, illustrations, photographs, diagrams, tables or figures that you reproduce in your work, and provide a full reference as with any other type of work. If the photograph you want to reference is from a journal, book or other published work, use the appropriate layout from elsewhere in this list.

Name of photographer
(Year of publication)
Title of photograph
(in italics)
Available from: URL
[Date of access]

Leverton, N. (2000) King's Cross station. Available from: http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/3776 [Accessed: 15th June 2010].

In-text citation: (Leverton, 2000)

Podcast

Author/presenter
(Year of posting)
Title of podcast
(this should be in italics)
[Podcast]
Day and month of posting
Available from: URL
[Date of access]

Coffee Break Spanish. (2008) Lesson 08. [Podcast] 6th December. Available from: http://radiolingua.com/2008/12/lesson-08-coffee-break-spanish/ [Accessed: 19th June 2010].

In-text citation: (Coffee Break Spanish, 2008)

Radio programme / broadcast

Title of episode (if part of a series)
(Year of broadcast)
Title of programme / broadcast
(this should be in italics)
Name of broadcaster
Day and month of broadcast

Today. (2010) BBC Radio 4. Tuesday 5th January.

In-text citation: (Today, 2010)

Or

Genetics. (2001) In Our Time. BBC Radio 4. Thursday 13th December.

In-text citation: (Genetics, 2001)

Report

Author/Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)
(Year of publication)
Title
(this should be in italics)
Organisation
Report number: followed by the number of the report

Leatherwood, S. (2001) Whales, dolphins, and porpoises of the western North
Atlantic
. U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Report number: 63.

In-text citation: (Leatherwood, 2001)

Standard

Name of Standard Body/Institution
(Year of publication)
Standard number
Title (this should be in italics)
Place of publication
Publisher

British Standards Institution. (2003) BS 5950-8:2003. Structural use of steelwork in building: code of practice for fire resistant design. London, British Standards Institution.

In-text citation: (British Standards Institution, 2003)

Statutory Instrument

Title including year (this should be in italics)
SI followed by year and the number of the Statutory Instrument

The Public Contract Regulations 2006. (SI 2006/5). 

In-text citation: (Public Contract Regulations 2006)

Television programme / broadcast

Title of programme / broadcast (this should be in italics)
(Year of broadcast)
Name of broadcaster
Day and month of broadcast

Question Time. (2009) BBC One. Friday 26th November.

In-text citation: (Question Time, 2009)

Television programme / broadcast: episode in a series

Title of episode
(Year of broadcast)
Title of programme / broadcast
(this should be in italics)
Name of broadcaster
Day and month of broadcast

Blink. (2007) Doctor Who. BBC One. Saturday 9th June.

In-text citation: (Blink, 2007)

Television programme / broadcast: online

Television programmes can now be viewed on a number of media players provided by broadcasting companies such as BBC iPlayer, ITVplayer, Channel 4 On Demand and so on.

Episodes can also be posted elsewhere online such as on YouTube. If you have viewed a television programme online, make sure you use the correct attribution, that is, the corporate author or name of broadcaster, wherever possible. Copyright, including distribution rights, and authorship will belong, in the majority of cases, to the programme maker, not the person posting the video online.

Title of episode (if title of episode is not known, use the title of the programme series)
(Year of broadcast)
Title of programme/broadcast (this should be in italics)
Name of broadcaster
Day and month of broadcast
Available from: URL
[Date of access]

Deep Earth (2010) How Earth made us. BBC Two. Tuesday 19th January. Available from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b00qbvyc/How_Earth_Made_Us_Deep_Earth/ [Accessed: 9th November 2010].

In-text citation: (Deep Earth, 2010)

Thesis (final written work by PhD postgraduate students, dissertations, project reports, discourses and essays by any student)

Author
(Year of publication)
Title (this should be in italics)
Type of thesis
Academic institution

Leckenby, R .J. (2005) Dynamic characterisation and fluid flow modelling of fractured reservoirs. PhD thesis. Imperial College London.

In-text citation: (Leckenby, 2005)

Video

When writing a reference for a multi-media item, you would usually use the title of the TV programme or video recording, or title of the film (whether on DVD or video) as the author. If the title is used as the author, this should be written in italics. You should also include the type of format in the reference, such as Video, DVD, CD, CD-ROM and so on.

Title (this should be in italics)
(Year of production)
[Video]
Place of production
Name of production company

Video: YouTube

Name of person who uploaded the video (this could be a YouTube username, not a full name)
(Year the video was uploaded)
Title of video (in italics)
[Video]
Available from: URL
[Date of access]

Speakfirst. (2009) Presentation skills: How to improve your presentations. [Video] Available from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bt8YFCveNpY&feature=related [Accessed 5th November 2010].

In-text citation: (Speakfirst, 2009)

Web page / website

Author/Editor (use the corporate author if no individual author or editor is named)
(Year of publication) (if available; if there is no date, use the abbreviation n.d.)
Title (this should be in italics)
Available from: URL
[Date of access]

European Space Agency. (2015) Rosetta: rendezvous with a comet. Available from: http://envisat.esa.int/ [Accessed 15th june 2015]

In-text citation: (European Space Agency, 2015).